Average Salary in Egypt 2022

Average Hourly Wage in Egypt

The average hourly wage in Egypt is 6.35 EGP, or about $1.02 USD, on the low end of the spectrum for countries in North Africa and Western Asia.

This puts Egypt in the same category as Morocco, Tunisia, and Lebanon, with wages that are lower than the regional average. In fact, only Jordan has a lower hourly wage in the region at 5.84 EGP.

Despite low wages overall, there is a large amount of variation in what different professions earn. For example, an engineer can expect to make around 14.70 EGP per hour, while a janitor makes just 2.30 EGP. This disparity is due in part to the large informal sector in Egypt, which employs nearly 60% of the workforce.

Workers in the informal sector are often required to work long hours for little pay, and they often lack benefits like health insurance.

Salary Distribution in Egypt

Median Pay

In Egypt, the median salary is EGP 2,900. The average wage in Egypt is EGP 1,750 per month.  In 2014, the average wage was estimated to be 26% of EGP per capita and was only about half as high as it should have been for a country at its level of economic development.

That means that most Egyptians live under or near the poverty line with an income below what they need to maintain a decent standard of living.

Women are generally paid less than men despite being more educated on average and working longer hours according to one study from 2009 which found that women earned just over half as much as their male counterparts did-EGP 1,000 versus EGP 1,500 per month before taxes.

Range of Salary in Egypt

The range of salary for an average person in Egypt is between 1000-2500 EGP per month ($65 – $165 US dollars). However, there are many exceptions depending on occupation type as well as education level attained.

For example, those working in banking or engineering typically earn higher salaries than those who work in agriculture or construction. Additionally, those with a college degree typically earn more than those without.

What is the difference between the median and the average salary?

The average salary is the sum of all the salaries divided by the number of salaries.

The median, on the other hand, is not calculated in relation to a total but rather divides all incomes into two halves: half are greater than or equal to this value and half are less than or equal to it.

How much money does a person working in Egypt make?

The average salary in Egypt is 9,200 EGP a month. The Egyptian economy follows the command economy model. The state owns almost all of the economic resources in Egypt and makes most decisions about investment projects or land use.

The government controls all factors of production such as the number of workers, wages, selling prices, raw materials used and background information on companies that are foreign-owned.

There is an average salary for people doing different jobs.

For example, somebody who works as a doctor can expect to earn around 3,000 EGP per month while somebody working at a fast-food chain like Mcdonalds could expect to earn 1,200 EGP. People who work at clothes shops could expect to earn 1,400 EGP per month.

Comparison of Salaries by Education in Egypt

The highest-paying degree in Egypt, as far as those surveyed are concerned, was a PhD, with an average annual salary ranging from 55-60 EGP per month (or about 1,000-1,100 USD).

In contrast, a high school diploma earned people between 12-14 EGP monthly (roughly 250 USD), while an associate’s degree earned them around 20-22 EGP monthly or 500 USD annually on average.

A bachelor’s degree earned people anywhere from 22-24 EGP monthly or 550-$600 per year on average depending on the field of study, while those with a master’s degree earned an average of 30 EGP monthly or 750 USD annually.

It’s evident that those with more education tend to make more money than those without, though there are always exceptions to this rule.

Experience Level – Average Salary Increase Rate in Egypt

The average salary increase rate by years of experience in Egypt is 13.6%.

The average salary increase rate for those with less than one year of experience is 20%.  The average annual salary for people with more than 10 years of experience is EGP 4,078,000 ($519 USD).  The average annual salary for people with 1-5 years of experience is EGP 2,402,000 ($322 USD).

Salaries Compared by Years of Experience

How does a person’s salary progress over time in Egypt?

An individual’s salary will generally progress over time as they gain more experience in their field. However, this is not always the case, as there are many factors that can influence salary progression.

Some people may see a decrease in salary as they gain more experience, while others may see an increase. Additionally, the amount of salary progression depends on the field, company, and other factors.

In Egypt, the average salary for someone with 0-5 years of experience is 5,000 EGP per month. For someone with 6-10 years of experience, the average monthly salary increases to 8,000 EGP.

And for those with more than 10 years of experience, the average monthly salary is 12,000 EGP. This trend continues as people gain more years of experience in their field.

It’s important to note that these averages are just that – averages. Salary progression can vary greatly from person to person and field to field.

Comparing Salaries Between Men and Women in Egypt

The average salary for a man in Egypt is about EGP 3,000.  The average salary for a woman in Egypt is about EGP 1,500.

There are many factors that contribute to this difference such as education level and the type of work done by each gender.

Women earn less because they have been traditionally assigned more domestic roles due to their lower status in society or they have taken on jobs that do not require much education or experience which pay less than other professions.

Annual Salary Increase Percentage in Egypt

How much do Egyptians earn in yearly pay increases? How often do workers get compensation increases?

The average annual salary increment percentage in Egypt is a big question. The answer can depend on the industry you work in, your level of experience and how long you’ve been with your company

The most common pay increase percentage for Egyptians is 10% per year; however, if you are an experienced worker with lots of responsibility, it may be higher than that

Younger workers often get paid less than older ones because they lack experience and seniority.

Entry-level employees also make less money at first but then their salaries go up over time as their skills improve and they gain more experience within the organization.

There are no set rules when it comes to compensation increases: some companies give them every six months while others only.

Annual Increment Rate By Industry

  • Banking – 1%
  • Administrative staff – 2%
  • Customer service – 2%
  • Construction – 1%
  • Primary Industries – 1.5% per year (individual increases in between these set figures)
  • Retail and wholesale industry – 0.25 to 0.75%
  • Manufacturing – 1%
  • Transport and Storage – 0.5 to 1%
  • Information and Communication Technology – 3%
  • Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities – 2%
  • Public Administration and Defence – 1.5%
  • Education – 1.5%
  • Health and Social Work – 1.5%

Bonus and Incentive Rates in Egypt

Egyptian employees are entitled to bonuses and incentives. This is regulated by the Egyptian Constitution, Article 44 of which states that “Every employee shall have the right to receive a bonus or an incentive in addition to his basic wage.”

These can be paid at any time but must always be documented, either through an employment contract or other form of agreement. The amount payable will depend on factors such as industry, company size, position held and length of service.

As per the Employment Act No 12/2002 (amended 2007) this should not exceed 20% of the gross annual salary for each year served with the employer; however, some employers offer more generous packages.

Types of Bonuses Considered

Individual Performance-Based Bonuses

Performance-based bonuses can come in a variety of different forms, but the most common type is the individual performance-based bonus.

With this type of bonus, employees are rewarded financially for hitting specific goals or objectives that have been set for them. The bonus is typically a percentage of the employee’s salary, and it is paid out at the end of the year or upon the completion of the goal.

Company Performance Bonuses

Company Performance Bonuses are a type of bonus that is designed to increase the performance of an entire company.

These can take a variety of different forms, but for the most part, they are given by a single company to a number of their employees.

The bonuses will typically be based on some type of performance indicator and paid out at the end of the year or when the goal is met.

Goal-Based Bonuses

Goal-Based Bonuses are a type of bonus that is designed to incentivize employees, as opposed to rewarding them for past performance.

With a traditional or “old school” type of bonus, the employee already has the expectation that they will receive a certain amount of money at a certain time.

With a goal-based bonus, however, an employee must first work towards a specific goal before receiving the bonus. The goal could be anything from improving sales numbers to meeting deadlines.

Goal-Based Bonuses have been shown to provide excellent results because employees have an incentive to work hard and stick with their goals in order to receive the expected reward at the end of the year.

Holiday / End of Year Bonuses

Holiday / End of Year Bonuses is a type of bonus that is typically given to employees by their employer. This is usually given without a reason and in addition to regular wages.

The bonus is intended in appreciation for the hard work that employees have put in throughout the year, and it’s typically given in order to give employees a break during the holiday season or near the end of their employment.

Comparing Bonus Rates by Field Of Work in Egypt

  • Finance – High
  • Healthcare – Moderate
  • Transport – Low
  • Construction – Low
  • Customer Service – Moderate
  • Telecommunication – High
  • Information Technology – Moderate
  • Hotel and Tourism – Low
  • Education – Moderate
  • Manufacturing – Low
  • Government Administration – Low
  • Logistics and Transport Management – Low
  • Media – Moderate
  • Retail Store – Low
  • Oil and Gas-High
  • Sales Representative – High

What qualifies a job as deserving of substantial incentives and a high salary?

The answer to this question is not an easy one. Some people believe that jobs that have a high level of responsibility, require critical thinking skills and are physically demanding should be compensated with substantial incentives and a high salary.

Others disagree, arguing that jobs that do not require much physical labor or mental stimulation should also be considered for these types of rewards.

It’s important to remember however, the way in which you prioritize your work-life balance will affect how you view these types of compensation packages.

There are many different factors employers consider when determining the appropriate rate of pay for their employees including experience, education level and location. When it comes down to it though, there is no single answer as each person defines “deserving” differently within the context of their personal values.

In Egypt, the average salary for a worker is between 2,000 and 3,000 EGP per month. The jobs that are typically compensated with a higher salary are those in the fields of oil and gas, sales and information technology.

On the other hand, service-oriented jobs such as healthcare and customer service typically have a lower rate of pay. This is likely due to the fact that they are considered less demanding and do not require as much skill.

It’s important to keep in mind that these rates can vary greatly depending on the city you live in and your level of experience.

Bonus Comparison by Seniority Level

In Egypt, there is a law that states seniority level determines the amount of one’s bonus. Senior government officials and managers in private companies are entitled to twice as much as junior ones.

This can be seen by taking a look at one of the highest-ranking junior civil servants, who have 5 years of work experience. In order to make a fair comparison, let’s take a look at two people with the same number of years of experience, but with one being a senior and one being junior. The senior person would be earning 2 times as much as the junior person.

This law has been in place for many years and is still used today. It’s important to note that this law doesn’t just apply to bonuses, but to salaries as well. Salaries are also based on seniority level, with the most experienced employees making more money than those who have less experience.

Salaries for popular jobs

Accounting and Finance

  • Accountant – 6,350 EGP
  • Accounting Assistant – 4,790 EGP
  • Accounting Manager – 13,700 EGP

Administrative and Clerical

  • Office Assistant – 4,590 EGP
  • Secretary – 6,620 EGP
  • Customer Service Representative – 5,700 EGP
  • Management Clerk – 9,500 EGP
  • Receptionist – 7,900 EGP
  • Human Resources Officer- 7,400 EGP
  • Recruitment Officer- 6,000 EGP


  • Information Systems Analyst – 10,800 EGP
  • Database Administrator – 11,700 EGP Software Developer – 9,900 EGP
  • Designer (graphic designer) – 7,350 EGP

Medical and Health Services

  • Doctor – 19,500 EGPNurse – 7,500 EGP
  • Pharmacist – 8,600 EGP
  • Dentist – 13,000 EGP
  • Central Medical Lab Technologist (CLT) – 6,300 EGP
  • Public Health Laboratory Technician/Sterilization Technician- 6,800 EGP
  • Health Information Management Officer – 9,000 EGP

Beauty and Wellness

  • Hairdresser – 3,550 EGP
  • Nail Technician – 2,350 EGP
  • Makeup Artist – 5,520 EGP
  • Massage Therapist – 4,500 EGP


  • Driver – 7,600 EGP
  • Electrician – 8,600 EGP
  • Plumber – 10,000 EGP
  • Mason – 8,800 EGP
  • Welder- 9,500 EGP
  • Food and Beverage
  • Waiter/Waitress – 4,290 EGP
  • Chef – 7,000 EGP
  • Kitchen Staff (cook) – 5,000 EGP
  • Bartender – 3,000 EGP
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Retail Salesperson – 5,550 EGP
  • Marketing Manager – 12,000 EGP
  • Event Coordinator – 7,600 EGP
  • Public Relations Officer – 8,000 EGP
  • Networking Engineer- 10,500

Government vs Private Sector Salary Comparison

There are many factors to consider when comparing the salaries of government employees vs. private-sector employees in Egypt. One is that public sector jobs can offer benefits like paid leave, bonuses and retirement packages which may not be available in the private sector.

Another consideration is that some professions require licenses or certifications which can lead to higher pay in the public sector than would be seen in the private sector; for example, a certified architect would make more working for a government agency than if he/she were self-employed as an architect.

There are also different levels of education required by both sectors, with most positions requiring at least a secondary school diploma or equivalent qualification while only about half of all jobs require tertiary education (e.g., university degree).

This means that on average, government jobs may pay more than private-sector jobs for people with similar levels of education.

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